Friuli Venezia Giulia: from the mountains to the sea
Officially, the north-eastern area of Italy abutting on Slovenia, the Austrian Carinthia, the Italian region Veneto and the Adriatic Sea is called “Regione Autonoma Friuli Venezia Giulia”.
As the name implies, the region with the capital Trieste is composed of two parts: the larger Friuli in the west and Venezia Giulia, which once extended to Istria and Dalmatia, in the east. Therefore two languages and cultural environments – Friulan and Venetian – meet in this area and this has produced some interesting mixtures in every field of the society.
Today Friuli Venezia Giulia has an autonomous privileged status similar to Aosta. Being a frontier zone with the passing of the years the area belonged to different states and nowadays you can still hear not only Italian and Friulan, but also German and Slovenian.
The northern part of the region consists of the mountainous landscapes of the Dolomites, the Carnic and the Julian Alps. Farther south, around Udine and Gorizia, the scenery becomes hilly, till you finally reach the broad stretch of the Adriatic coast with the seaside resorts Lignano Sabbiadoro and Grado.